The Bugwood Network

Paper Manufacturing

U.S.

  • Each year, paper is used to publish more than two million books, 350 million magazines, and 245 billion newspapers in the United States.
  • Americans use more than 90 million short tons of paper and paperboard each year.
  • The U.S. paper industry has reduced its air pollution emissions by removing 97% of particulate matter generated during manufacturing.  Sulphur compounds emissions  the chief cause of nuisance odor in mill communities  have been reduced by 90% since 1968.
  • It takes far less water to make paper today than it once did - 70% less than that used in 1959.
  • Under EPA's voluntary pollution prevention program called "33/50" forest industry met the goal of 50% reduction in the use of 17 chemicals by 1993  two years ahead of EPA's timetable.
  • From 1988  1993, forest industry spent about $1 billion each year on environmental improvements  almost 20% of its total capital available for investment.
  • Since 1988, forest industry has reduced dioxin from pulp bleaching by 94%.
  • Forest industry's environmental research expenditures totaled almost $290 billion in the decade 1984  1994.
  • Today, forest industry selfgenerates 57% of its total energy needs, up from 36% in 1972.  Over the past two decades the amount of fossil fuel required to produce a ton of paper has been reduced by 38%.
  • Since 1979, forest industry's dependence on landfills and lagoons for disposal of manufacturing wastes has decreased by 16%, thanks to technology changes that allows the burning of waste and provides additional energy.

Georgia

  • Thirteen pulp/paper mills in Georgia process solid wood and/or wood chips into pulp or into pulp and paper.
  • Twelve other Georgia mills produce paper and/or paper products from recycled paper and/or preprocessed pulp.
  • To make one ton of bleached kraft pulp requires approximately 1 3/4 cords of pine pulpwood.
  • Most Georgia pulpmills are using hardwood as well as softwood pulpwood as their raw material.  Some mills use as little as 10% hardwood, and others as much as 50% hardwood.
  • In 1995, Georgia solid-wood processing pulp/paper mills had the capacity to produce over 20,000 tons of pulp per day. That equates to approximately 35,000 cords, or about 192 million pounds of pulpwood per day , or 8 3/4 million cord equivalents pulpwood per year.
  • Georgia timberlands produced approximately 7 million cords of softwood and hardwood roundwood pulpwood in 1994.  In addition, approximately 2 3/4 million cord equivalents of wood residues for pulp manufacture were also produced in 1994
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University of GeorgiaThe Bugwood Network Forestry Images The Bugwood Network and Forestry Images Image Archive and Database Systems
The University of Georgia - Warnell School of Forestry and Natural Resources and
College of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences - Dept. of Entomology
Last updated on Thursday, March 20, 2003 at 10:11 AM
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