The Bugwood Network

Paper Manufacturing


  • Each year, paper is used to publish more than two million books, 350 million magazines, and 245 billion newspapers in the United States.
  • Americans use more than 90 million short tons of paper and paperboard each year.
  • The U.S. paper industry has reduced its air pollution emissions by removing 97% of particulate matter generated during manufacturing.  Sulphur compounds emissions  the chief cause of nuisance odor in mill communities  have been reduced by 90% since 1968.
  • It takes far less water to make paper today than it once did - 70% less than that used in 1959.
  • Under EPA's voluntary pollution prevention program called "33/50" forest industry met the goal of 50% reduction in the use of 17 chemicals by 1993  two years ahead of EPA's timetable.
  • From 1988  1993, forest industry spent about $1 billion each year on environmental improvements  almost 20% of its total capital available for investment.
  • Since 1988, forest industry has reduced dioxin from pulp bleaching by 94%.
  • Forest industry's environmental research expenditures totaled almost $290 billion in the decade 1984  1994.
  • Today, forest industry selfgenerates 57% of its total energy needs, up from 36% in 1972.  Over the past two decades the amount of fossil fuel required to produce a ton of paper has been reduced by 38%.
  • Since 1979, forest industry's dependence on landfills and lagoons for disposal of manufacturing wastes has decreased by 16%, thanks to technology changes that allows the burning of waste and provides additional energy.


  • Thirteen pulp/paper mills in Georgia process solid wood and/or wood chips into pulp or into pulp and paper.
  • Twelve other Georgia mills produce paper and/or paper products from recycled paper and/or preprocessed pulp.
  • To make one ton of bleached kraft pulp requires approximately 1 3/4 cords of pine pulpwood.
  • Most Georgia pulpmills are using hardwood as well as softwood pulpwood as their raw material.  Some mills use as little as 10% hardwood, and others as much as 50% hardwood.
  • In 1995, Georgia solid-wood processing pulp/paper mills had the capacity to produce over 20,000 tons of pulp per day. That equates to approximately 35,000 cords, or about 192 million pounds of pulpwood per day , or 8 3/4 million cord equivalents pulpwood per year.
  • Georgia timberlands produced approximately 7 million cords of softwood and hardwood roundwood pulpwood in 1994.  In addition, approximately 2 3/4 million cord equivalents of wood residues for pulp manufacture were also produced in 1994
University of GeorgiaThe Bugwood Network Forestry Images The Bugwood Network and Forestry Images Image Archive and Database Systems
The University of Georgia - Warnell School of Forestry and Natural Resources and
College of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences - Dept. of Entomology
Last updated on Thursday, March 20, 2003 at 10:11 AM
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