The Bugwood Network

Forestry Imports and Exports

  • In 1994, American forest products companies exported goods worth more than $18 billion including over $11 billion worth of paper products and over $7 billion worth of wood products.
  • More wood products are exported from the U.S. to Canada than to any other country.
  • The U.S. is a major importer of paper and wood products.  In 1994 imports totaled $21 billion with paper products over $11 billion and wood products over $9 billion.
  • Increased lumber imports are expected from Canada in the long-term.  By 2040, the U.S. will remain a net forest products importer, but the gap between imports and exports, on a volume basis will decline.
  • Through the 1990s, the world demand for wood fiber imports is expected to grow in the U.S. Atlantic and Pacific regions because of pulp and paper expansions in areas with projected declining supplies and rising costs of wood.
  • Further into the future (beyond the year 2000), international wood trade is expected to level off and eventually decline, due to increasing pulping capacity in wood producing regions of the world and because of more joint ownership of this capacity by producers which formerly imported raw wood.
  • World trade in wood fiber has grown more than 300 percent since 1960, which represents a compounded annual growth rate of about five percent.  In 1990, international wood fiber trade totaled 53 million cubic meters.


  • Eleven percent of Georgia's forest products are sold to foreign markets.
  • In 1995 all Georgia exports totaled $12,400,489,703.  Of this amount: paper and allied products = $1,878,469,187; lumber and wood products = $75,842,189; furniture and fixtures = $35,167,842; and roundwood products = $2,368,948.
  • In 1995 Georgia forestry-related exports were 16.1% of total exports from the state.
  • In 1995, of Georgia's total $75,842,189 in lumber and wood products exports, the most, $15,709,000, went to Japan.  The second largest in lumber and wood products exports, $12,730,000, went to Canada, and a distant third, $5,845,000, went to China (Taiwan).
  • The Georgia Ports Authority handled 9,519,942 tons of cargo in 1995.  Of this amount, forest products play a major role with: 801,359 tons of woodpulp; 305,715 tons of linerboard; 33,196 tons of plywood; and, 16,666 tons of poles.
  • In 1995 forestry-related tonnage of cargo handled by the Georgia Ports Authority was 12.1% of the Ports' total tonnage handled.
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The University of Georgia - Warnell School of Forestry and Natural Resources and
College of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences - Dept. of Entomology
Last updated on Thursday, March 20, 2003 at 10:04 AM
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