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Diseases in Container Tree Nurseries

Excerpt from: Landis, T.T. 1989. Disease and pest management. Pp. 1-99. In T.D. Landis, R.W. Tinus, S.E. McDonald, and J.P. Barnett (eds). The Container Tree Nursery Manual. Volume 5. U.S. Department of Agriculture Agric. Handbook. 674.

References

    Baker, K.F. 1957..Damping-off and related diseases.  In: Baker, K.F.   The U.C. system for producing healthy container-grown plants.  Calif. Agric. Exper. Sta. Ext. Serv. Manual 23. Parramatta, Australia: Australian Nurserymen's Association Ltd.: 34-51.

    Bloomberg, W.J. 1981.  Disease caused by Fusarium in forest nurseries.  In: Nelson, P.E.; Tousson, T.A.; Cook, R.J.  Fusarium: diseases, biology and taxonomy.  University Park, PA: The Pennsylvania State University Press: 178-187.

    Boyce, J.S.  1961.  Forest pathology. New York: McGraw-Hill Book Co. 572 p.

    Carlson, L.W.  1983.  Guidelines for rearing containerized conifer seedlings in the Prairie provinces.  Inf. Rep. NOR-X-214E. Edmonton, AB: Environment Canada, Canadian Forest Service, Northern Forest Research Centre. 64 p.

    Cooley, S.J. 1981.  Fungicide tolerance of Botrytis cinerea isolates from conifer seedlings.  Portland, OR: USDA Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Region; 13 p.

    Couteaudier Y.; Alabouvette, C. 1981.  Fusarium wilt in soilless culture. Acta Horticulturae 126: 153-158.

    Coyier, D.L. 1978.  Pathogens associated with peat moss used for propagation.  International Plant Propagators' Society Combined Proceeding 28:70-72.

    Gillman, L.S.; James, R.L. 1980..Fungicidal tolerance of Botrytis within Colorado greenhouses. Tree Planters' Notes 31(1): 25-28.

    Graham, J.H.; Linderman, R.G. 1983.  Pathogenic seedborne Fusarium oxysporum from Douglas-fir. Plant Disease 67: 323-325.

    James, R.I. 1987.  Personal communication. USDA Forest Service, Missoula, MT.

    James, R.L. 1986.  Diseases of conifer seedlings caused by seed-borne Fusarium species. In: Shearer, R.C., comp. Proceedings, conifer tree seed in the Inland Mountain West; 1985 August 5-6; Missoula, Mt. Gen. Tech. Rep. INT-203. Ogden, UT; USDA Forest Service, Intermountain Research Station: 267-271.

    James, R.L. 1985a.  Studies of Fusarium associated with containerized conifer seedling diseases: 2. Diseases of western larch, Douglas-fir, grand fir, subalpine fir, and ponderosa pine seedlings at the USDA Forest Service Nursery, Coeur d'Alene, Idaho. For. Pest Mgmt. Rep. 85-12. Missoula, MT: USDA Forest Service, Northern Region; 1985. 7 p.

    James, R.L. 1985b.  Pathogenic Fusarium on spruce seed from the Towner Nursery, North Dakota. For. Pest Mgmt. Rep. 85-23. Missoula, MT: USDA Forest Service, Northern Region. 9 p.

    James, R.L. 1984.  Diseases of containerized conifer seedlings. Dubreuil, S.H. comp. 31st Western International Forest Disease Work Conference Proceedings; 1983 August 22-26; Coeur d'Alene, ID. Missoula, MT: USDA Forest Service, Cooperative Forestry and Pest Management: 17-23.

    James, R.L. 1983.  Fusarium root disease of containerized seedlings at the Montana State Nursery, Missoula. Missoula, MT: USDA Forest Service, Cooperative Forestry and Pest Management. 9 p.

    James, R.L.; Gilligan, C.J. 1984.  Studies of Fusarium associated with containerized conifer seedling diseases: pathogenicity tests of isolates from the Alpine Nursery, Kalispell, MT. For. Pest Mgmt. Rep. 84-14.  Missoula,  MT: USDA Forest Service,  Northern Region. 29 p.

    James. R.L.; Woo, J.Y. 1984.  Fungicide trial to control botrytis blight at nurseries in Idaho and Montana. Tree Planters' Notes 35(4): 16-19.

    Kim, S.H.; Forer, L.B.; Longenecker, J.L. 1975. Recovery of plant pathogens from commercial peat products.  Proceedings of the American Phytopathological Society 2: 124.

    Kuhlman, E.G.; Smith, R.S, Jr. 1975.  Phytophthora root rot, Phytophthora cinnamoni Rands. In: Peterson, G.W.; Smith, R.S. Jr., eds. Forest Nursery Diseases in the United States. Agric. Handbk. 470. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Agriculture: 17-18.

    Landis, T.D. 1976.  Fusarium root disease of containerized tree seedlings. For. Insect Dis. Mgmt. Bio. Eval. R2-76-16.  Lakewood, CO:  USDA Forest Service,  Rocky Mountain Region. 7 p.

    Lieffers, V.J.; Rothwell, R.L. 1986.  Effects of depth of water table and substrate temperature on root and top growth of Picea mariana and Larix laricina seedling. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 16(6): 1201-1206.

    Matthew, R.G. 1983.  Seedling production for crown lands in British Columbia: guidelines for commercial container nurseries. Victoria, BC: British Columbia Ministry of Forests, Silviculture Branch. 45 p.

    McCain, A.H. 1987.  California greenhouse disease management. Berkeley, CA: University of California, Cooperative Extension. 64 p.

    McCain, A.H. 1978.  Nursery disease problems: containerized nurseries. In: Gustafson, R.W., ed. Proceedings, Western Forest Nursery Council and Intermountain Nurseryman's Association, combined meeting; 1978 August 7-11; Eureka, CA. San Francisco, CA: USDA Forest Service, State and Private Forestry: B-139-B-142.

    McElroy, F.D. 1985.  Personal communication.

    McIntosh, D.L. 1966.  The occurrence of Phytophthora spp. in irrigation systems in British Columbia. Canadian Journal of Botany 44: 1591-1596.

    Mittal, R.K.; Singh, P.; Wang, B.S.P. 1978.  Botrytis: a hazard to reforestation. European Journal of Forest Pathology 17: 369-384.

    Nelson, P.V. 1978.  Greenhouse operation and management. Reston, VA: Reston Publishing Co. 518 p.

    Pawuk, W.H. 1981.  Potting media affect growth and disease development of container-grown southern pine. Res. Note SO-268. New Orleans, LA: USDA Forest Service, Southern Forest Experiment Station. 4 p.

    Pawuk, W.H. 1978.  Damping-off of container-grown longleaf pine seedlings by seedborne fusaria. Plant Disease Reporter 62: 82-84.

    Peterson, G.W. 1974.  Disease problems in the production of containerized forest tree seedlings in North America. In: Tinus, R.W.; Stein, I., Balmer, W.E., eds. Proceedings, North American Containerized Forest Tree Seedling Symposium; 1974 August 26-29; Denver, CO; Great Plains Agricultural Council Publ. 68: 170-172.

    Peterson, M.J.; Sutherland, J.R.: Tuller, S.E. 1988.  Greenhouse environment and epidemiology of grey mould of container-grown Douglas-fir seedlings.   Canadian Journal of Forestry Research 18: 974-980.

    Smith, R.S., Jr. 1975 Fusarium root disease. In: Peterson, G.W.; Smith, R.S., Jr., eds. Forest nursery diseases in the United States. Agric. Handbk. 470. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Agriculture: 9-10.

    Stephens, C.T.; Herr, L.J.; Schmitthenner, A.F.; Powell, C.C. 1983.   Sources of Rhizoctonia solani and Pythium spp. in a bedding plant greenhouse. Plant Disease 67: 272-275.

    Sutherland, J.R.; Van Eerden, E. 1980.  Diseases and insect pests in British Columbia forest nurseries. Joint Rep. 12. Victoria, BC: British Columbia Ministry of Forests and Canadian Forestry Service, Pacific Forest Research Centre. 55 p.

    Sutherland, J.R.; Lock, W.; Benson, L.E. 1982.  Diseases and insects and their management in container nurseries. In: Scarratt, J.B.; Glerum, C.; Plexman, C.A. eds. Proceedings of the Canadian Containerized Tree Seedling Symposium; 1981 September 14-16; Toronto. Sault Ste. Marie, ON: Canadian Forestry Service, Great Lakes Forest Research Centre: 215-223.

    Tripepi, R.R.; Mitchell, C.A. 1984.  Stem hypoxia and root respiration of flooded maple and birch seedlings. Physiologia Plantarum 60: 567-571.

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