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Second International Symposium
on Biological Control of Arthropods
Volume III

Davos, Switzerland - September 12-16, 2005
Mark S. Hoddle, Compiler, University of California, Riverside USA
USDA Forest Service Publication FHTET-2005-08

Poster Abstracts

Session 1: Invasion Biology and Lessons for Biological Control

Phylogeography and Genetic Structure of the Invasive Wheat Stem Sawfly, Cephus cintus Norton, (Hymenoptera: Cephidae) in North America: New Insights into the Biological Control Management of this Pest
by Marie-Claude Bon, Tom Shanower, Wendell Morrill, Kim Hoelmer, and Jean-François Martin

Local Adaptation of a South American Parasitoid following its Introduction to New Zealand
by Craig B. Phillips, I. I. Iune, D. B. Baird, M. R. McNeill, J. R. Proffitt, L. M. Winder, and S. L. Goldson

Session 2: Biological Control Of Arthropods Of Conservation Importance

Parasites as an Important Factor of Population Dynamics of Litchocolletis populifoliella, A Serious Pest of Poplar Species in the Urban Ecosystems of Siberia
by Natasha Kirichenko

Session 3: Recent Successes of Classical Biological Control: An Impact Analysis

Biological Control of The Citrus Leafminer In Israel: Successes And Failures In The Establishment Of The Introduced Parasitoids
by Yael Argov

Classical Biological Control of The Aleyrodidae (Heteroptera): An Analysis Of Economic And Social Impact
by Tom Bellows

Establishment In New Zealand Of Pseudaphycus maculipennis (Hymenoptera: Encyrtidae), and Its Impact on Obscure Mealybug, Pseudococcus viburni (Hemiptera: Pseudococcidae)
by John Charles, Doug Allani, Dave Rogers, and Peter Shaw

Biological Control of the pink hibuscus mealybug in Bahia de Banderas, Nayarit, Mexico
by Félix García-Valente, Héctor González-Hernández, Luis Valencia-Luna, Jaime Villa-Castillo, Hugo Escobedo-Montaño, Hugo C. Arredondo-Bernal, Maricarmen Sánchez-Borja, María del C. Altamirano-Herrera, and Talina Santiago-Islas

Establishment of Aprostocetus vaquitarum and Quadrastichus haitiensis (Hymenoptera: Eulophidae) in the U.S.A. As Mortality Factors of the Diaprepes Root Weevil (Coleoptera: Curculionidae)
by Jorge E. Peña, C. W. McCoy, R. Duncan, and D. Hall

Biological Control Of The Redgum Lerp Psyllid In Mexico
by Guillermo Sanchez-Martínez, Gloria Iñiguez-Herrera, Ernesto Gonzalez-Gaona, Armando Equihua-Martínez, and Jaime Villa-Castillo

Updates On The Biological Control Of The California Red Scale In Sicily
by Gaetano Siscaro and Lucia Zappalà

Releases, Recovery, And Dissemination In North America Of Lathrolestes ensator, A Braconid Endoparasitoid Of The Apple Sawfly, Hoplocampa testudinea
by Charles Vincent, Alan Eaton, Margaret Appleby, and Ulrich Kuhlmann

Session 4: Cultural Manipulations To Enhance Biological Control

Attractiveness Of Flowering Plants To Aphidophagous Hoverflies: Suitability As Insectary Plants To Enhance Biological Control
by Oscar Alomar and Miguel Louis Maldonado

Selective Resource Subsidies And Biological Control
by Patrik Kehrli, Steve D. Wratten, Blas Lavandero, H. Don Vattala, Mauricio A. Urrutia, Salah E. A. S. O. Araj, Samantha L. Scarratt, and Mark R. Wade

A New Cultural Control Practice To Enhance Biolgogical Control Of The Carob Moth By Opportunistic Predators In California 'Deglet Noor' Date Gardens
by Justin E. Nay and Thomas M. Perring

Use Of Sown Wildflower Strips To Enhance The Parasitism Of Lepidopteran Pests In Cabbage Crops
by Lukas Pfiffner, Henryk Luka, Christian Schlatter, and Martin Lichtenhahn

How do plant and host traits influence the reproductive success of a parasitoid?
by Anja S. Rott, N. Brand, A. Zurbuchen, G. Velton, and S. Dorn

Using Buckwheat To Increase Parasitism Rates Of A Tortricid Pest In A New Zealand Vinyard
by Samantha Scarratt and Steve Wratten

Effect Of A Sorghum Trap Crop On The Southern Green Stink Bug, Nezara viridula, And Its Parasitoid, Trichopoda pennipes, In Cotton
by Glynn Tillman

Boosting biological control: do we use a 'bouquet' or a 'kiss' approach to win a natural enemy's heart?
by Mark R. Wade, Patrik Kehrli, and Steve D. Wratten

Functional Biodiversity For Sustainable Agriculture
by K. Winkler, F.L. Wäckers, and J.C. van Lenteren

Responses Of Aphid Natural Enemies To The Spatial Configuration Of Experimental Alfalfa Micro-Landscapes
by Tania Zaviezo, A.A. Grez, S. Diaz, B. Camousseigt, and G. Cortés

Session 5: Contribution Of Biological Control To The Global Agenda

Mass-Rearing, Releases, And Establishment Of Phymastichus coffea Lasalle For The Control Of The Coffee Berry Borer Hypothenemus hampei (Ferrari) In Colombia
by Pablo Benavides, Juliana Jaramillo, Alex Enrique Bustillo, and Maribel Portilla

Olive Fly And Native Natural Enemy Population Dynamics In Indigenous And Commercial Olive Habitats
by Vaughn M. Walton, Kent M. Daane, and Robert L. Stotter

Session 7: Compatibility Of Insect-Resistant Transgenic Plants With Biological Control

Studies On The Components And Diversity Of The Arthropod Community In Transgenic Bt Cotton (Four Bollgard Varieties) In Jiangsu Coastal Region
by Li-xin Bai, Long-wa Zhang, Liu-bin Xiao, Han-Jin Fen, and Zong-Qin Zou

Do transgene products in honeydew pose a risk for an aphid parasitoid?
by Petra A. M. Hogervorst, Felix L. Wäckers, and Jörg Romeis

Effects Of Genetically Modified Crop-Derived Bacillus Thuringiensis Toxins On Soil Invertebrates
by Siân Moore, T. Hefin Jones, and William O.C. Symondson

Assessing The Exposure Of Arthropod Predators To Cry1ab Toxin In Bt Maize Fields In Spain
by Lena B. Obrist, Anna Dutton, Ramon Albajes, and Franz Bigler

Compatibility Of Aphelinus hordei (Kurdjumov) (Hymenoptera: Aphelinidae) With Russianwheat Aphid Resistant Cultivars In South Africa
by Goddy Prinsloo

Effects Of Garlic Leaf Lectin On Aphis craccivora And Its Predator Coccinella septempunctata
by Jörg Romeis, Anna Dutton, and Sampa Das

Session 8: The Role Of Food Supplements In Biological Control

The Effect Of Food Supplement On Lifespan And Nutrient Metabolism In A Parasitic Phorid Fly
by Henry Y. Fadamiro and Li Chen

Potential Effect Of Flowering Plants On The Activity Of The Egg Parasitoid Trichogramma bourarachae Pintureau And Babault (Hymenoptera: Trichogrammatidae), A Candidate For Biolgogical Control In Olive Cultivation
by Annette Herz, S.A. Hassan, F. Nasr, A. Youssef, and E. Hegazi

The effect of food resources on the longevity of Gonatocerus ashmeadi, G. triguttatus, and G. fasciatus, egg parasitoids of the glassy-winged sharpshooter (Homalodisca coagulata)
by Nicola A. Irvin, Mark S. Hoddle, and Steve Castle

Conservation Biological Control To Enhance The Efficacy Of A Parasitoid Of The Argentine Stem Weevil
by H. Don Vattala, Steve D. Wratten, Craig B. Phillips, and Felix L. Wäckers

Effect Of Flower Presentation Method On Parasitoid Wasp Survival
by Mark R. Wade, Steve D. Wratten, and Ashley A. K. Shadbolt

Session 9: Role Of Generalist Predators In Biological Control

Biological Control Of Citrus Rust Mite Using Indigenous And Introduced Generalist Acarine Predators In Israel
by Yael Argov, Eric Palevsky, and Uri Gerson

Stage Preference And Functional Response Of Euseius hibisci To Tetranychus urticae (Acari: Phytoseiidae: Tetranychidae)
by M. H. Badii, E. Hernández-Ortiz, A. E. Flores, and J. Landeros

Population Interaction Between Phytoseiulus longipes And Tetranychus pacificus On Bean Plants
by M. H. Badii, J. A. McMurtry, and A. E. Flores

Generalist Predator Communities Exert Top-Down Control Of A New Invasive Pest, The Soybean Aphid (Aphis glycines Matsumura)
by Alejandro C. Costamagna and Douglas A. Landis

Immature Predators: An Underappreciated Resource For Biological Control
by Matthew Greenstone, John Ruberson, and Jorge Torre

Carabid Beetle Assemblages In Insecticide-Sprayed And Unsprayed Potato Fields
by Kiyomitsu Ito

Study On Population Dynamics Of European Elm Scale (Homoptera: Eriococcidae) And Its Predator, Exochomus undulatus (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae) In Isfahan, Iran
by Alireza Jalaizand, Bijan Hatami, and Jahangir Khajehali

Which are the key invertebrate predators of eggs and larvae of scarabs?
by Anita Juen and Michael Traugott

Impact Of Generalist Predators On Survival Of Eggs Of Chrysoperla carnea
by Zahra Rafiei Kerahroodi and Bijan Hatami

Seasonal Abundance Of Predators Of The Elm Aphid, Tinocallis nevskyi, in Shahrekord, Iran
by Jahangir Khajehali and Bijan Hatami

Rapid Screening Of The Guts Of Invertebrate Predators To Detect DNA From Multiple Prey
by R. Andrew King, Georgina L. Harper, Samuel K. Sheppard, Daniel S. M. Read, James D. Harwood, David M. Glen, Michael W. Bruford, and William O. C. Symondson

A Tale Of Two Enemies: Will The Introduction Of A Generalist Predator Improve Or Disrupt Biological Control?
by Sarah Mansfield, Alison Hopkins, John Bain, Diane Jones, and Dean Satchell

Generalist Predators - Species Composition, Migration, And Molecular Detection Of Aphid Predation In Swedish Spring Sown Cereals
by Sandra Öberg and Anna-Karin Kuusk

Predation Rate And Functional Response Of The Predator Macrolophus pygmaeus On The Aphid Myzus persicae
by A. Fantinou, D. Masselou, P. Labropoulos, D. Perdikis, and D. Lykouressis

Encounters Between Predators And Prey: Molecular Determination Of When Predation Occurs
by Samuel K. Sheppard, James R. Bell, John Fenlon, David Skirvin, Keith D. Sunderland, and William O. C. Symondson

Impact Of Naturally Occurring Generalist Predators On Aphis punicae In A Pomegranate Ecosystem
by Abraham Verghese, K. Sreedevi, K. Sudhadevi, and V. Vasudev

Biological control of the rosy apple aphid - an utopian dream?
by Eric Wyss, Patrik Kehrli, and Katharina Bürgel

Session 10: Augmentative Biological Control In Outdoor Annual Crops

Chilo sacchariphagus Bojer (Lepidoptera: Crambidae) In Mozambican Sugarcane - A Case For Augmentation Or Classical Biocontrol, Or Both?
by D.E. Conlong and F.R. Goebel

Augmenting Leafroller Parasitoids In Apple Orchards
by Joan E. Cossentine, E. K. Deglow, and Linda B. M. Jensen

Evaluation Of Certain Exotic Aphid Parasitoid Species Against Cereal Aphids Under Laboratory, Field Cage, And Open Wheat Field Conditions
by D. Gonzalez, Ahmed H. El-Heneidy, and D. Adly

Choosing (Or Creating) Parasitoids For Tephritid Fruit Fly Control
by John Sivinski and Martin Aluja

Long-Term Effects Of Natural Enemy Augmentative Releases On Vine Mealybug Pest Populations
by Vaughn M. Walton and Ken L. Pringle

Improving Knowledge And Management Of Native Natural Enemies For Biological Control Of Colorado Potato Beetle
by Donald C. Weber, Daniel L. Rowley, Kevin W. Thorpe, and Jeff R. Aldrich

Session 11: Augmentative Biological Control In Greenhouses

Parasitoids Of Chromatomyia horticola (Goureau) (Diptera: Agromyzidae) On Garden Pea In Japan
by Makoto Doi, Yosuke Tagami, Shuji Kaneko, Keitaro Sugiyama, Haruki Katayama, and Tsutomu Saito

Reproductive Behavior Of The Generalist Predator Macrolophus caliginosus
by Cesar Gemeno, Oscar Alomar, Jordi Riudavets, and Cristina Castañé

Intraguild Predation and Feeding Preferences In Three Species Of Phytoseiid Mites Used For Biological Control
by Ian Hatherly and Jeffrey Bale

Determining The Efficiency Of Two Methods Of Releasing Lacewing Eggs In Greenhouses
by Zahra Rafiei Kerahroodi and Bijan Hatami

Influence Of Light On The Efficacy Of Biocontrol Agents In Greenhouse Environments
by Gabriella M.G. Zilahi-Balogh, J. L. Shipp, C. Cloutier, and J. Brodeur

The Influence Of Formulation And Packaging On Performance Of Beneficial Arthropods
by Martin Zuijderwijk and Richard Greatrex

Session 12: Environmental Risk Assessment Of Invertebrate Biological Control Agents

Estimating Parasitism Levels In Ostrinia nubilalis Hübner (Lepidoptera: Crambidae) Field Populations Using Molecular Techniques
by Nuria Agusti, Denis Bourguet, Thierry Spataro, and Roger Arditi

Risk-Assessment In Omnivorous Predators
by Ramon Albajes, Cristina Castañe, Rosa Gabarra, and Òscar Alomar

Evaluating The Risks To Non-Target Species Associated With Introducing A Staphylinid Parasitoid Into The Canadian Prairies
by Lars Andreassen, Ulrich Kuhlmann, and Neil J. Holliday

Evaluating Parasitoid Host Range Using Molecular Techniques: A New Approach To Non-Target Risk Assessment Studies
by Tara D. Gariepy, Ulrich Kuhlmann, Cedric Gillott, and Martin Erlandson

Assessment Of Species Composition Of Native Orius Species In Japan Using Molecular Markers
by Norihide Hinomoto, Tomomi Higaki, and Takashi Noda

Risk Assessment Of A Potential Biological Control Agent Of Cherry Bark Tortrix
by Emma Hunt, Andrew Bennett, Joan Cossentine, and Ulrich Kuhlmann

History And Future Of Introduction Of Exotic Arthropod Biological Control Agents In Spain: A Dilemma?
by J. Jacas, A. Urbaneja, and E. Viñuela

Can A Pathogen Constrain The Host Specificity Of A Biological Control Organism?
by Peter B. McEvoy, Eric M. Coombs, and Evrim Karacetin

Assessing Parasitoid Host Ranges Of Closely Related Ceutorhynchinae To Avoid Conflicts Between Weed And Arthropod Biological Control
by Franck Muller, H. Baur, G. Gibson, P.G. Mason, and U. Kuhlmann

Retrospective Studies To Assess The Impact Of Natural Enemies Used For Control Of Hibiscus Mealybug, Maconellicoccus hirsutus (Homoptera: Pseudococcidae), On Non-Target Organisms
by Petal Ram and Moses Kairo

Molecular Detection Of Predation By Soil Microarthropods On Nematode Biopesticides
by Daniel S. Read, Michael W. Bruford, David M. Glen, and William O. C. Symondson

Environmental Factors Influencing The Infiltration Of Introduced Biological Control Agents Into Indigenous Habitats
by Leyla Valdivia-Buitriago and Mark G. Wright

Session 13: Predicting Natural Enemy Host Ranges: Strengths And Limitations Of Lab Assays

Strategies For Evaluating Non-Target Effects In Arthropod Biological Control
by Elizabeth A. Boyd and Mark S. Hoddle

Biological Control Of Olive Fly: Balancing Parasitoid Effectiveness Against Non-Target Impacts
by Kent Daane, Hannah Nadel, Karen Sime, John Andrews, Charlie Pickett, Russell Messing, Kim Hoelmer, Marshall Johnson, Vaughn Walton, and Alan Kirk

Host Tanges Of Six Solitary Filth Fly Parasitoids (Hymenoptera: Pteromalidae, Chalcididae) From Florida, Eurasia, Morocco, And Brazil
by Christopher J. Geden, Roger D. Moon, and Jerry F. Butler

Evaluation Of The Efficiency Of An Ecoparasitoid Of Cydia Species - Importance Of Lab Bioassays!
by Johanna Häckermann, Anja Rott, and Silva Dorn

Do Laboratory Bioassays Reflect Ecological Host Range And Predict Post-Introduction Natural Enemy Host Range?
by Tim Haye, Ulrich Kuhlmann, Peter G. Mason, and Henri Goulet

Session 14: Legislation And Biological Control Of Arthropods: Challenges And Opportunities

Importation And Exportation Of Living Organsims For Scientific Purposes: Legislation Andregulations In The UE And Procedures In Use At EBCL, An Overseas USDA-ARS laboratory In France (UE)
by Dominique Coutinot, Pierre Ehret, and Walker Jones

A Digital Commons For Biocontrol: An Open Access Cyberinfrastructure For Enhancedregulatory Decision Making
by Keith Warner, Geof Bowker, and Nicholas Mills

No Designated Session Theme

Biology Of Cirrospilus ingenuus Gahan (Hymenoptera: Eulophidae), An Ectoparasitoid Of The Citrus Leafminer, Phyllocnistis citrella Stainton (Lepidoptera: Gracillariidae) On Lemon
by Mazen A. Ateyyat

Interactions Among Biocontrol Agents Of The Balsam Gall Midge, Paradiplosis tumifex, On Chrstmas Trees
by Jacques Brodeur, Conrad Cloutier, Payse Mailhot, and Christine Jean

Studies Of The Red Imported Fire Ant, Solenopsis invicta, Infected With The Microsporidia Vairomorpha invictae And Thelohania solenopsae In Argentina
by Luis Calcaterra, Sanford Porter, and Juan Briano

Parasitism Of The Silverleaf Whitefly Feeding On Ten Soybean Genotypes In Sinaloa, Mexico
by Edgardo Cortez-Mondaca and José Luis Martínez-Carrillo

Natural Parasitoid Community Of The Green Bud Moth Hedya nubiferana (Haworth) (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) In Romania
by Alecu Diaconu, Aurel Lozan, Mariana Diaconu, and Valentin Cozma

Effects Of Regular Introduction Of Dinarmus basalis Rondani (Hymenoptera: Pteromalidae) On The Evolution Of Bruchid Populations Within Traditional Storage Systems In Sahelian Area
by A. Doumma and I. Alzouma

Evaluation Of The Effect Of Predator Exclusion On Cassava Infested With The Cassava Green Mite (Mononychellus tanajoa Bondar) In The Middle Belt Region Of Nigeria
by T.N.C. Echendu

Biodiversity Of Trichogrammatidae (Hymenoptera) Egg Parasitoids As Beneficial Biocontrol Agents
by Viktor Fursov

Parasitoids (Hymenoptera: Eulophidae, Aphelinidae) Of The Cabbage Whitefly, Aleyrodes proletella (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae), Associated With The Greater Celandine (Chelidonium majus)
by Alex Gumovsky

Small Tumbleweed Mustard, Sisymbrium loeselii, as a Tri-Trophic Model System: Interactions Between Seed-Eating Weevils (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) And Their Parasitoids (Hymenoptera: Eulophidae)
by Alex Gumovsky

Diversity And Ecology Of Natural Enemies Of Olive Fruit Fly, Bactrocera oleae, In South Africa
by Kim A. Hoelmer, Alan A. Kirk, and Charlie H. Pickett

Towards Classical Biological Control Of Leek Moth
by Wade Jenner, Peter Mason, Naomi Cappuccino, and Ulrich Kuhlmann

Abiotic And Biotic Factors Affecting The Biological Control Of Cereal Stem borers In East Africa
by Nanqing Jiang and Fritz Schulthess

Control Of Chestnut Weevils With Entomopathogenic Nematodes: First Experiences
by Stefan Kuske

Application of response surface methodology for development and optimization of insect diets for mass production of parasitoids
by Stephen Lapointe, Terence Evens, and Randall Niedz

Egg Parasitoids From Argentina, Potential Candidates For The Biological Control Of Glassy-Winged Sharpshooter In The United States
by Guillermo A. Logarzo, Eduardo Virla, and Walker A. Jones

Artificial Selection On Fecundity In Wingless Two-Spot Ladybird Beetles (Adalia bipunctata)
by Suzanne T.E. Lommen, Kees Koops, Peter W. de Jong, and Paul M. Brakefield

Seasonal occurrence of the Aphidius rosae Haliday (Hymenoptera: Braconidae) parasitoid of Macrosiphum rosae L. (Homoptera: Aphididae) in Isfahan, Iran
by Mohsen Mehrparvar and Bijan Hatami

Influence Of Two Endoparasitic Wasps, Hyposoter didymator (Hymenoptera: Ichneumonidae) And Chelonus inanitus (Hymenoptera: Braconidae), On The Growth And Food Consumption Of The Host Larva Spodoptera littoralis (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae)
by J. Morales, P. Medina, and E.Viñuela

Biological Control Of The Glassy-Winged Sharpshooter In California - Anatomy Of A State Run Program
by David J. Morgan

Biological Control In The Walnut-Fruit Forests Of Kyrgyzstan
by Almaz A.Orozumbekov, Bimurza A.Toktoraliev, Alexandr V. Ilyinukh, Shaibek Kojoev, and Zulumkan Teshebaeva

Two New Larval Ectoparasitic Mites (Acari: Erythraeiidae) On Sunn Pest From Iran
by Hadi Ostovan and Jamshide Niakan

Reproductive And Developmental Biology Of Gonatocerus ashmeadi (Hymenoptera: Mymaridae), An Egg Parasitoid Of Homalodisca coagulata (Hemiptera: Cicadellidae)
by Leigh J. Pilkington and Mark S. Hoddle

Can mustard seed meal increase the abundance of Aleochara species in canola?
by Kim Riley, Ulrich Kuhlmann, Jay Whistlecraft, and Neil J. Holliday

Biological Control Of The Pink Hibiscus Mealybug, Maconellicoccus hirsutus (Green), In Imperial Valley, California, U.S.A.
by W. J. Roltsch and Dale E. Meyerdirk

Study of population parameters on sunn pest, Eurygaster integriceps, egg parasitoids Trissolcus grandis and T. Semistriatus (Hymenoptera: Scelionidae)
by Moosa Saber and Mir Jalil Hejazi

Strawberry Root Beetle Biology And Control Measures Using Entomopathogenic Nematodes
by Vacharee Somsook, Suttisan Pimpasalee, Suthichai Somsook, and Supachai Kaewmeechai

Rearing Of Trialeurodes vaporariorum and Encarsia formosa On Tissue Of Squash Fruit
by Bahram Tafaghodinia

A role of Pediobius saulius (Wlk.) (Hymenoptera: Eulophidae) in the parasitoid complex of the horse chestnut leafminer, Cameraria ohridella Deschka & Dimic (Lepidoptera: Gracillariidae)
by Rumen Tomov

Two Different Species Under One Name: Morphological, Biological, And Molecular Comparison Between The Different Geographical Populations Of Anagyrus pseudococci, A Well-Known Agent Used In Biological Control Of Citrus And Vine Mealybugs
by Serguei V. Triapitsyn, Daniel González, Ernest B. White, Danel B. Vickerman, and John S. Noyes

Film Documentation Of The Behaviour Of Predators Of The Two-Spotted Spider Mite Tetranychus urticae
by Urs Wyss, Maria Wagner, and Martina Wittke

Induced Plant Resistance and Insect Feeding Behavior: A Comparison Between A Chewing And A Piercing-Sucking Insect
by Geoffrey Zehnder and Amy Nichols

Biological Control Of Cassava Green Mite In The Highlands Of Cameroon - Testing The Limits Of A Neotropical Predator
by Christine Zundel, Rachid Hanna, Urs Scheidegger, and Peter Nagel

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