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Georgia 4-H Forestry Field Day Manual

Lonnie E. Varnedoe, Public Service Assistant, The University of Georgia
Kim D. Coder, Professor of Forestry, The University of Georgia
David J. Moorhead, Professor of Forestry, The University of Georgia

The University of Georgia, Extension Forest Resources, Bulletin FOR96-029, 1996, 52 pp.

Contest Events:
1. Tree Identification:

Participants will identify 10 to 25 tree, branch, twig, or leaf specimens. Specimens could include full trees, freshly cut foliage, older foliage, herbarium sheets with pressed foliage, or photographs of foliage. Normally fruit and seeds will not be provided. The complete common name as listed on the contest's official list should be given (for example, "maple" will be incorrect if the tree is red maple). Only one-half credit will be given for misspelled, but identifiable, names. Trees will be selected only from the current year's official species list given below.

Preparation:

Number 10 to 25 trees or leaf/branch specimens. These should be from the official species list. Trees or specimens should be considered typical. Juvenile plants and shade leaves should be avoided since they are often larger than normal and have a distorted shape. Each contestant should be given a sheet with numbered blanks for each tree's common name. The complete common name should be reproduced as given on the official species list. No credit is given for partially correct names. Clearly correct but misspelled names get half credit. The person receiving the highest score will be the individual winner. The team with the highest total for the best three participants will be the team winner.

Contest Rules:

  1. Different species of trees have various requirements for good growth. They also differ in merchantability. Therefore, you must be able to identify trees of the forest. All trees to be identified will be taken from the "Official Species List" below.
  2. Contestants will be required to identify species from those listed below. Contestants will be judged on the accuracy of identification and the spelling of common names. Scientific names will not be required. Incomplete names will be counted as wrong. Example: Maple instead of Red Maple, or Shortleaf instead of Shortleaf Pine will be counted wrong.
  3. Contestants will be given a specific time to identify the tree specimens and record the information on the score sheet. An official species list will be available for each contest.
  4. Points will be given for the correct common name. One-half of the points will be deducted for each name misspelled. The common name must be the one used on the official species list. All final scores from this event may be weighted to match final scores from other events.
  5. Samples can be photographs, fresh, or pressed herbarium specimens of leaf samples. Samples of leaf \ branch cuttings will be used if available and of acceptable quality to the judges. Fruits, nuts, seeds, and flowers will not normally be provided on the contest but may be available.

The following tree species list is to be used for the 4-H Forestry Field Day Junior Contests. It is arranged alphabetically by scientific names in order to group siminlar trees together. The Junior list includes 44 tree species. References are listed in the back of this manual.

Official Tree Species List For Juniors

Common Name Scientific Name   Common Name Scientific Name
1. Boxelder Acer negundo 23.Slash Pine Pinus elliotti
2. Red Maple Acer rubrum 24. Longleaf Pine Pinus palustris
3. Silver Maple Acer saccharinum 25. White Pine Pinus strobus
4. Buckeye Aesculus spp. 26. Loblolly Pine Pinus taeda
5. River Birch Betula nigra 27. Virginia Pine Pinus virginiana
6. Pignut Hickory Carya glabra 28. Sycamore Platanus occidentalis
7. Pecan Carya illinoensis 29. Cottonwood Populus deltoides
8. Mockernut
    Hickory
Carya tomentosa 30. Black Cherry Prunus serotina
9. Catalpa Catalpa bignonioides 31. White Oak Quercus alba
10. Redbud Cercis canadensis 32. Southern
      Red Oak
Quercus falcata
11. Dogwood Cornus florida 33. Water Oak Quercus nigra
12. Persimmon Diospyros virginiana 34. Chestnut Oak Quercus prinus
13. Beech Fagus grandifolia 35. Post Oak Quercus stellata
14. Holly Ilex opaca 36. Black Oak Quercus velutina
15. Black Walnut Juglans nigra 37. Live Oak Quercus virginiana
16. Redcedar Juniperus virginiana 38. Black Locust Robinia pseudoacacia
17. Sweetgum Liquidambar styraciflua 39. Willow Salix nigra
18. Yellow-Poplar Liriodendrom tulipifera 40. Sassafras Sassafras albidum
19. Magnolia Magnolia grandiflora 41. Baldcypress Taxodium distichum
20. Mulberry Morus rubra 42. Basswood Tilia americana
21. Black Gum Nyssa sylvatica 43. Hemlock Tsuga canadensis
22. Shortleaf Pine Pinus echinata 44. American Elm Ulmus americana

Official Tree List For Seniors

Common Name Scientific Name   Common Name Scientific Name
1. American
    Basswood
Tilia americana 38. Northern
      Red Oak
Quercus rubra
2. American Beech Fagus grandifolia 39. Overcup Oak Quercus lyrata
3. American Elm Ulmus americana 40. Pecan Carya illinoensis
4. American Holly Ilex opaca 41. Pignut Hickory Carya glabra
5. American
    Hornbeam
Carpinus caroliniana 42. Pitch Pine Pinus rigida
6. Atlantic
    White-cedar
Chamaecyparis thyoides 43. Post Oak Quercus stellata
7. Baldcypress Taxodium distichum 44. Red Elm Ulmus rubra
8. Black Cherry Prunus serotina 45. Red Maple Acer rubrum
9. Black Gum Nyssa sylvatica 46. Red Mulberry Morus rubra
10. Black Locust Robinia pseudoacacia 47. Red Spruce Picea rubens
11. Black Oak Quercus velutina 48. Redbud Cercis canadensis
12. Black Walnut Juglans nigra 49. River Birch Betula nigra
13. Black Willow Salix nigra 50. Sassafras Sassafras albidum
14. Blackjack Oak Quercus marilandica 51. Sawtooth Oak Quercus acutissima
15. Boxelder Acer negundo 52. Scarlet Oak Quercus coccinea
16. Buckeye Aesculus spp. 53. Shagbark
      Hickory
Carya ovata
17. Butternut Juglans cinerea 54. Shortleaf Pine Pinus echinata
18. Catalpa Catalpa bignonioides 55. Silver Maple Acer saccharinum
19. Chestnut Oak Quercus prinus 56. Slash Pine Pinus elliotti
20. Common
      Persimmon
Diospyros virginiana 57. Sourwood Oxydendrum arboreum
21. Cucumbertree Magnolia acuminata 58. Southern
      Magnolia
Magnolia grandiflora
22. Deodar Cedar Cedrus deodara 59. Southern
      Red Oak
Quercus falcata
23. Eastern
      Cottonwood
Populus deltoides 60. Sugar Maple Acer saccharum
24. Eastern
      Hemlock
Tsuga canadensis 61. Sweet Birch Betula lenta
25. Eastern
      Redcedar
Juniperus virginiana 62. Sweetgum Liquidambar styraciflua
26. Eastern
      White Pine
Pinus strobus 63. Sycamore Platanus occidentalis
27. Flowering
      Dogwood
Cornus florida 64. Turkey Oak Quercus laevis
28. Ginkgo Ginkgo biloba 65. Virginia Pine Pinus virginiana
29. Hackberry Celtis occidentalis 66. Water Oak Quercus nigra
30. Hawthorn Crataegus spp. 67. Water Tupelo Nyssa aquatica
31. Hazel Alder Alnus serrulata 68. White Ash Fraxinus americana
32. Honeylocust Gleditsia triacanthos 69. White Oak Quercus alba
33. Live Oak Quercus virginiana 70. Willow Oak Quercus phello
34. Loblolly Pine Pinus taeda 71. Winged Elm Ulmus alata
35. Longleaf Pine Pinus palustris 72. Yaupon Holly Ilex vomitoria
36. Mimosa Albizia julibrissin 73. Yellow Birch Betula alleghaniensis
37. Mockernut
      Hickory
Carya a tomentosa 74. Yellow-poplar Liriodendrom tulipifera

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